Antigua & Barbuda – North America

Antigua & Barbuda – North America
  • NATIONALITY = ANTIGUAN(S), BARBUDAN(S)
  • CAPITAL = ST JOHN’S
  • LOCATION = EASTERN CARIBBEAN SEA
  • CONTINENT = NORTH AMERICA
  • LANGUAGE = ENGLISH
  • POPULATION = 103,746
  • CURRENCY = EAST CARIBBEAN DOLLARS
  • AREA = 441 SQ KM (170 SQ MILES)
  • HIGHEST POINT = MOUNT OBAMA 402 METERS (1319 FT)
  • CLIMATE = TROPICAL CLIMATE
  • CALLING CODE = DIAL 011+268+PHONE NUMBER
  • NATIONAL HOLIDAY = INDEPENDENCE DAY 1ST NOVEMBER (1981-FROM UK)
  • RELIGION = MAINLY CHRISTIAN
  • GOVERNMENT = CONSTITUTIONAL PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY
  • NATIONAL SPORT = CRICKET
  • AGRICULTURE = SEA-ISLAND COTTON, SUGAR AND ETHANOL
  • MAJOR INDUSTRIES = TOURISM, CONSTRUCTION, CLOTHING AND ALCOHOL 
  • NATURAL RESOURCES = TOURISM AND COTTON

A BRIEF HISTORY OF ANTIGUA & BARBUDA

Antigua History

The first known inhabitant of these island were called the Siboney or “stone people”, which dated as far back as 1775 B.C. They were then succeeded by the Arawak people, who lived on the islands for hundreds of years. They survived by planting peas, maize, corn and other vegetables, and as a result introduced agriculture to the two islands.

In 1493, Christopher Columbus discovered the two islands on his second voyage and name the bigger island “Santa Maria de la Antigua”. For years the Spanish and French tried to conquer the two islands, but to no avail due to the exceptional defence by the natives.

It wasn’t until 1632, when the English arrived on its shores and finally managed to colonize the islands. They appointed Thomas Warner as first governor and by 1667 Antigua was officially a British colony. Huge amounts of African slaves were imported to work in the sugar industry on the islands, which became very profitable in time, making it the islands economic backbone.

Slavery was abolished in 1834. However, Antigua & Barbuda would have to wait until 1981 to become an independent state, within the British Commonwealth of Nations.

SHORT FACTS ON ANTIGUA & BARBUDA  

Antigua and Barbuda is made up of two major islands and several smaller ones, including Great bird, Guiana, Green, Long, Maiden, York and the Redonda islands.

The nearest countries to Antigua and Barbuda are also island nations. They include St Kitts and Nevis, Dominica, Guadeloupe and the British territories of Montserrat and Anguilla.

The largest island Antigua is around 22 km (14 m) long, and 18 km (11 m) wide. Barbuda is 24 km (15 m) long, and 12 km (8 m) wide.

The capital of Antigua and Barbuda is St John’s. Other major cities in this country are All Saints, Piggotts, Liberta, Bolands and Potters Village.

Antigua and Barbuda, both experience tropical storms and hurricanes, they would normally occur between the months of July and October.

Antigua and Barbuda does not have any permanent rivers.

The two islands are famous for their beautiful, stunning white sandy beaches and clear waters. In Antigua, tourism dominates the local economy where there is no shortage of high end resorts. Barbuda has the beaches, but doesn’t have the infrastructure Antigua has to offer.

Over the years, many ships have been wrecked on the coral Reefs of Antigua and Barbuda, but nowadays it is very popular with snorkelers and scuba divers.

Antigua is Spanish for “ancient” and Barbuda is Spanish for “breaded”.

The highest point on the islands is Mount Obama, named after the former U.S President for his birthday. It is the remnant of a volcanic crater, and it reaches a height of 402 metres or 1319 feet. It was originally called Boggy Peak until 2009.

Antigua is called the “land of 365 beaches”, because that’s how many it has. One for every day of the year,unless of course it’s a leap year.

On the coast of Barbuda, there is a beach called “pink sand beach”. The pink champagne colored sand is from the crushed coral.

The Royal Antigua and Barbuda Defence Force has around 250 personnel, which is split between the army and the coastguard.

Antigua and Barbuda is divided up into six parishes and two dependencies. The six parishes are Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mary, Saint Paul and Saint Peter. The two dependencies are Barbuda and Redonda.

While both islands are not well known for their wildlife, you can still find all kinds of animals not seen on other Caribbean islands, including deer and wild boar, land turtles and guinea fowl.

Donkey and crab races are popular past times here.

Many a pop video is filmed in Antigua and Barbuda, mainly because of its stunning landscape.

Their favorite dessert here is called “duckanoo”. It is made from cornmeal, coconut, sugar and spices, boiled up in banana leaves.

90 percent of people can read and write in Antigua and Barbuda.

Carnivals are very popular here, were you’ll hear lots of lively music, like Calypso and reggae.

Cricket on these islands is more a religion than a sport. It is played everywhere and at any time. The country has produced many famous players, none more famous than Viv Richards.

Many famous people have holiday homes in Antigua, including rock guitarist Eric Clapton, fashion designer Giorgio Armani and TV host Oprah Winfrey.

In 2015, a new state of the art airport terminal was completed in Antigua, at a cost of $100 million.

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