- NATIONALITY = DOMINICAN(S)
- LOCATION = CARIBBEAN SEA
- CAPITAL = SANTO DOMINGO
- CONTINENT = NORTH AMERICA
- LANGUAGE = SPANISH
- POPULATION = 10,882,996 MILLION
- CURRENCY = DOMINICAN PESO
- AREA = 48,671 SQ KM (18,792 SQ MILES)
- HIGHEST POINT = PICO DUARTE (10,128 FT)
- MOUNTAIN RANGE = CORDILLERA
- MAIN RIVER = YAQUE DEL NORTE
- CLIMATE = TROPICAL CLIMATE
- CALLING CODE = DIAL 011+829+PHONE NUMBER
- RELIGION = MAINLY ROMAN CATHOLICISM
- INDEPENDENCE = 27TH FEBRUARY 1844 (FROM HAITI)
- NATIONAL HOLIDAY = INDEPENDENCE DAY 27TH FEBRUARY
- GOVERNMENT = REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY
- NATIONAL SPORT = BASEBALL
- NATURAL RESOURCES = GOLD, SILVER, BAUXITE, COAL, SALT AND TIN
- MAJOR INDUSTRIES = CEMENT, MINING, AGRICULTURE, MINING AND TOBACCO
- AGRICULTURE = SUGARCANE AND RICE.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
The Dominican Republic shares the island of Hispaniola with Haiti. It was the first place in the New World reached by Christopher Columbus in 1492. By 1496 it became a Spanish colony when they founded Santa Domingo, which is the capital today. It became the first permanent colony in the Americas.
The natives who had lived there before the Spanish arrived all died within the next decade, from hardship and diseases, brought over by the Europeans. By then, the Spanish were importing thousands of slaves from Africa, who were forced to work on sugar plantations.
In the 17th century the French settled on the west of the island (Haiti). The French and the Spanish then signed the Treaty of Ryswick in 1697. The details of the treaty entitled France to the western third of the island of Hispaniola (Haiti), while the rest would remain in Spanish hands.
Over 100 years later, Haiti became independent under Jean Pierre Boyer and achieves some degree of stability. In 1820, Boyer invades and overwhelms the eastern half of the island, Santo Domingo and takes control of it. At this time Boyer and his troops is ruling French-speaking Haiti, and also governs Spanish speaking Santo Domingo.
It stays like this until 1884, when Boyer is overthrown in a revolution, then Santo Domingo declares its own independence and becomes the Dominican Republic.
SHORT FACTS ON THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
The Dominican Republic and Haiti was one joined as one independent existence, it was called Hispaniola.
Between 1821-1844, the country (then known as Santa Domingo) was overthrown and ruled by the Haitians.
Founded in 1496, Santo Domingo, is the oldest European settlement in the Americas.
Before their independence, the country was called Santo Domingo, after saint Dominic. Saint Dominic is the patron saint of astronomers.
The terrain of the Dominican Republic is of rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys scattered in between.
The Dominican Republic has many of the most amazing beaches in the world, on its 750 miles of coastline. Tourists have the chance to go scuba diving in the beautiful coral reefs, as well as hiking, biking and horseback riding. No wonder it gets over 6 million visitors every year.
The Dominican Republic has lots of waterfalls and limestone caves, and many years ago pirates used this island as their headquarters to hide, maybe in the caves.??
The Dominican Republic is very popular nowadays for weddings and honeymoons.
More than 50 percent of the land is used for agriculture in the Dominican Republic, while 40 percent is made up of forests.
The four main mountain chains in the Dominican Republic are the Cordillera Septentrional, Cordillera Central, Sierra de Neiba and the Sierra de Bahoruco.
Lake Enriquillo in the Dominican Republic is home to at least 400 species of the American crocodile. It covers an area of 375 sq km and has the lowest elevation in the Caribbean.
The Dominican Republic is divided into 31 provinces.
The main economic activity in the Dominican Republic is tourism, followed by agricultural production and manufacturing. Mining is also important, mainly nickel and gold.
The Dominican Republic is well known worldwide for its lavish golf courses that are set along the breathtaking coast.
The national symbol of the Dominican Republic is the palmchat (bird).
There is a town in the Dominican Republic called Polo, were if you stop your car in neutral gear on downhill, your car will roll up the hill. This is caused by an optical illusion due to the shape of the road and the landscape.
Every year in the Dominican Republic , in the Bay of Samana , it welcomes between 2,000 and 3,000 giant humpback whales. They arrive to the warm Dominican waters for calving and breeding.They stay until March before heading back to their feeding grounds in North America, Greenland and Iceland.
About 87 percent of the population in the Dominican Republic can read and write.
Merengue is a popular style of music and dance in the Dominican Republic. It’s a quick dance so you’ll need loads of energy.
The traditional dish of the Dominican Republic consist of rice, beans, plantains and meat. It is called the “Dominican flag”.
People here are mad about baseball, and every young kids dream is to play in America’s professional major leagues.
The smallest man in the world was from the Dominican Republic. His name was Nelson De La Rosa, and was only 28 inches tall. He died in 2006, aged 38 years. He was in a movie called, Island of Dr Moreau.
It is claimed that Christopher Columbus’s daughter-in-law, took his bones from Spain, and took them to the Dominican Republic, where they rest in the cathedral of Santo Domingo, in the Christopher Columbus tomb.
Every Sunday in February, thousands of people romp around wearing scary devils costumes in an ancient carnival that celebrates the victory of good over evil. It is called the “El Carnaval de La Vega”.