- OFFICIAL NAME = REPUBLIC OF ECUADOR
- NATIONALITY = ECUADORIAN(S)
- HEMISPHERES = NORTHERN,SOUTHERN AND WESTERN
- CONTINENT = SOUTH AMERICA
- CAPITAL = QUITO
- MAJOR CITIES = GUAYAQUIL, QUITO AND CUENCA
- OFFICIAL LANGUAGE = SPANISH
- POPULATION = 17,042,051 (2019)
- CURRENCY = U.S DOLLARS
- DRIVES ON = RIGHT HAND SIDE OF ROAD
- CALLING CODE = DIAL 011+593+ PHONE NUMBER
- TIME ZONE = 5 HOURS BEHIND GMT
- CLIMATE = HUMID TROPICAL CLIMATE
- AREA = 283,561 SQ KM (109,484 SQ MILES)
- HIGHEST POINT = CHIMBORAZO 6,263 METERS (20,548 FT)
- LOWEST POINT = PACIFIC OCEAN (0 METERS)
- MAJOR MOUNTAIN = ANDES’CORDILLERA OCCIDENTAL RANGE
- MAJOR RIVER = AMAZON RIVER
- RELIGION = MAINLY ROMAN CATHOLIC
- GOVERNMENT = UNITARY REPRESENTATIVE REPUBLIC
- INDEPENDENCE = 24 MAY 1822 (FROM SPAIN)
- NATIONAL HOLIDAY = INDEPENDENCE DAY 10 AUGUST (1809)
- NATIONAL SYMBOL = ANDEAN CONDOR (BIRD)
- POPULAR SPORTS = FOOTBALL,BASEBALL,VOLLEYBALL
- MAJOR INDUSTRIES = PETROLEUM,TEXTILES,CHEMICALS,FOOD PROCESSING
- NATURAL RESOURCES = PETROLEUM, FISH, TIMBER AND HYDROPOWER
- MAIN EXPORTS = PETROLEUM, BANANAS, SHRIMP AND CUT FLOWERS
- MAIN IMPORTS = VEHICLES, ELECTRICITY AND MEDICINAL PRODUCTS
- AGRICULTURE = BANANAS, COFFEE, COCOA, RICE, MANIOC, POTATOES, SUGARCANE, CATTLE, SHEEP, PIGS AND BEEF
A BRIEF HISTORY OF ECUADOR !!!
Scientists believe in what is nowadays called Ecuador, that people have lived on this land as far back as 4500 B.C, because of the pottery and other artifacts found.
What they are sure about of is a group of South American Indians called the Incas, ( from what is now called Peru) who built a huge empire and took over and occupied Ecuador in the 1450’s, and had its capital in Quito.
In 1532,the Spanish led by conquistador Francisco Pizarro arrived on the shores of Ecuador. They defeated the Incas and set up a Spanish colony, and throughout the 17th century this colony would thrive by exploitation of the Indians.
Life was very comfortable for the ruling colonists, until August 10, 1809, when the first attempt to gain independence from the Spanish was made by a group of supporters, led by Juan pio Montufar.
They managed to take over the Capital city of Quito and install a government. Although, this only lasted for 24 days, as the Spanish once again seized back control. To this day, this date is celebrated every year in Ecuador as Independence day.
Independence was finally achieved on May 24th, 1822, when forces led by Antonio Jose de Sucre (a follower of Simon Bolivar, the Venezuelan patriot and liberator), defeated the Spanish royalists at the battle of Pichincha.
With independence won , Simon Bolivar’s aim was to form a united South America country. He started by combining Venezuela, Colombia, Panama and Ecuador together into one Independent nation of Gran Colombia. However, this agreement fell by the wayside after only eight years and by 1830, Ecuador had become a fully independent country on its own.
SHORT FACTS ON ECUADOR
Ecuador is the only country in the world named after a geographic feature. In Spanish, Ecuador means equator, and it was the Spanish who gave it this name, because the country sits on the Equator line.
The Equator passes through 13 countries, Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Sao Tome & Principe, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda , Kenya, Somalia, Maldives, Indonesia and Kiribati.
Ecuador is bordered on the north by Colombia, by Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Ecuador is the fourth smallest country in South America.
Ecuador also owns a group of island in the Pacific Ocean, called the Galapagos Islands. The islands are famous worldwide for having many native animals, that are found nowhere else on Planet Earth, like the land tortoise, land iguana and marine iguana. The marine iguana are the only lizards that can live in the sea.
The Galapagos giant tortoise is the largest tortoise in the world. Some have lived to 180 years, making them the world’s longest living animal.
The Galapagos Islands, consists of 13 major islands and 6 smaller islands. Out of the 19 islands, 5 of them are only inhabited by people, with a total population of around 30,000.
Ecuador is one of 17 megadiverse countries in the world. This means they are one of the nations who possess the highest number and different types of animals and plants in the world.
The Amazon rainforest in eastern Ecuador, covers almost half of the whole country, and you will also find ten percent of the world’s trees growing there.
High up in Ecuador’s cloud forests, you will find the tube-lipped nectar bat. These bats have tongues 1.5 times as long as its body, which is handy to lick the nectar out of the flowers it likes to feed on.
Quito, the capital city of Ecuador, is the second highest official capital in the world, standing at 9,350 feet (2.850 metres) above sea level. The highest capital in world goes to La Paz, in Bolivia. Quito, is also home to a well preserved historical centre which covers 320 hectares (790 acres).
Quito and the Galapagos Islands, where both declared UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1978.
The indigenous population of Ecuador represents around 1.1 million out of a total country population of just over 17 million.
The two major mountain ranges in Ecuador are the Cordillera Occidental, and the Cordillera Oriental.
The most significant rivers in Ecuador are the Babahoyo, Chira, Coca, Curaray, Daule, Esmeraldas, Guayas and the Puumayo.
Ecuador is divided into 4 distinct region, the Amazon, the Sierra, the Coast, and the Galapagos Islands.
Ecuador’s list of animals is among the world,s longest, including the largest predator, the jaguar. You will also find, the mountain loin, the spectacled bear, 2 tapir species, the white-tailed deer, the Amazon manatee, 287 species of mammals, 21 species of monkeys, and more than 1650 species of birds. The list is endless, but there is one thing we know, and that is all these animals live in the most perfect habitat they could ever wish for.
The national bird of Ecuador is the Andean Condor. It has the largest wingspan (10.5 ft) of any land bird. This bird can cruise in the skies for hours without flapping its wings even once.
Ecuador is home to one of the world’s rarest marine mammals, the pink Amazon River dolphin.
In the Amazon, there are more than eight thousand species of medicinal plants as well as animal species.
Ecuador has basically two seasons, a wet season and dry one. As Ecuador lies directly on the equator, the country experiences 12 hours of daylight , 365 days a year. Even during the rainy season, most days are sunny with an average temperature of 25 degrees Celsius, making it a perfect destination for your holidays.
Ecuador attracts more than one and a half million tourists every year, thanks to the public and private tourism sector, who has successfully promoted Ecuador as a wonderful destination.
As Ecuador is sitting on the Pacific Ring of Fire, it is an area prone to seismic activity. There is always a risk of Earthquakes or other natural disasters.
In May 1999, Ecuador and Peru signed a treaty ending nearly sixty years of dispute over its borders.
While the official language of Ecuador is Spanish, other languages such as Kicha and Shuar, are recognized by the government.
The Famous Panama hat, is actually made in Ecuador. It got its name from the Panama canal, which they used to export the hat.
Ecuador is the world’s leading exporter of bananas and cacao beans.
The literacy rate in Ecuador is 93%.