All About The Indian Ocean

All About The Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean was known as “ratnakara” which means “the creator of jewels” by ancient Sanskrit literature.

Sanskrit is an ancient Indo-European language of India.

The Indian Ocean borders Asia, Africa, Australia and the Southern Ocean.

The Indian Ocean covers around 20% of the Earth’s surface.

The Indian Ocean is the third largest Ocean in the world.

The Indian Ocean is divided into east and west by a 5000 km long mountain range, called the Ninety East Ridge, on the ocean floor.

The Indian Ocean is roughly 5.5 times the size of the USA.

The Indian Ocean is the youngest of the five major Oceans.

The Indian Ocean has a minimum temperature of around 22 degrees Celsius or 71 degrees Fahrenheit. But in the southern regions, nearer to the polar regions, the temperatures drop drastically.

The Indian Ocean has many islands. The most well known are Mauritius, Seychelles, Madagascar the Maldives and Sri Lanka.

Some of the big cities situated along the Indian Ocean include Mumbai(India), Durban(South Africa), Perth(Australia) Colombo(Sri Lanka) and Singapore.

With the polar caps melting, the Indian Ocean actually grows wider by around 20 cm every year.

In the Indian Ocean, monsoons are very common, producing a large amount of rain in the summer and a lot of wind in the winter.

The Indian Ocean suffered one of the most natural disasters ever in 2004. A tsunami struck affecting 14 countries, claiming about 200,000 lives.

The greatest width of the Indian Ocean, is between Western Australia and the Eastern coast of Africa at 1,000 km or 620 miles.

The average depth of the Indian Ocean is about 3,890 meters (12,762 ft). The lowest point is in the Java Trench which is about 7,260 meters (23,800) deep.

The Indian Ocean is one of five oceans on our planet. The other four is the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Arctic Ocean and the Southern Ocean.

Indian ocean map

Water is vital to all forms of life, and it is more likely that life on Earth began in the Oceans. Oceans also made life on land possible, so without them humans could not exist.

The Indian Ocean is the warmest of the world’s oceans. Because of the warm temperatures it does not have much ability to support sea life, as it makes it difficult for phytoplankton to grow, which is required as a food source to support life in the ocean. It also has a very low Oxygen content.

Some of the sea species that are endangered and call the Indian Ocean their home are turtles, seals and sea cows. It does however remain the largest breeding ground for the majestic humpback whale.

Scientists recently have discovered a lost continent in the depths of the Indian Ocean. They have named this undiscovered land mass “Mauritia”.

The sea lanes in the Indian Ocean are considered the most important in the world, due to it’s trade.

Oceans are important trading routes. Ships still provide one of the most efficient ways of transporting heavy materials such as oil over long distances, while container ships carry all kind of goods, from frozen food to cars and computers.

The Suez Canal in Egypt, the Strait Of Malacca, the Strait Of Hormuz and Bab El Mandeb are the main access points to the Indian Ocean. They are considered the worlds most important ports.

Oceanic trading became safer and quicker when the Suez canal in Egypt and the Panama Canal in Central America were built in the 19th, and early 20th century. The canals enabled ships to trade between the Indian, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans without making long, dangerous voyages around the stormy southern capes of Africa and South America.

It is estimated that 40% of the world’s oil comes from the Indian Ocean.

Since the expansion of air travel, tourism has become a major industry on many, once remote islands, such as Mauritius in the Indian Ocean. The income now relies heavily on tourism.

Developments in the Indian Ocean designed to attract tourists often cause environmental problems. It also suffers a lot of pollution from oil and ship spills.

In 2010, the Indian Ocean Garbage Patch was discovered. The plastic garbage vortex, full of marine litter, spans over 5 million square kilometers. Horrific pollution.

The garbage patch was created by a Gyre, which is a system of circulating currents in an ocean.