Nicaragua – North America

  • OFFICIAL NAME = REPUBLIC OF NICARAGUA
  • CAPITAL = MANAGUA
  • NATIONALITY = NICARAGUAN(S)
  • CONTINENT = NORTH AMERICA
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE = SPANISH
  • POPULATION = 6,328,008 MILLION
  • CURRENCY = CORDOBAS
  • AREA = 130,370 SQ KM (50,336,SQ MILES)
  • CLIMATE = TROPICAL CLIMATE (COOLER IN HIGHLANDS)
  • CALLING CODE = DIAL 011+505+PHONE NUMBER
  • HIGHEST POINT = PICO MOGOTON: 2,106 METERS (6,909 FEET)
  • MAIN MOUNTAINS = CORDILLERA ISABELLA RANGE
  • MAIN RIVER = TIPITAPA RIVER
  • RELIGION = MAINLY CATHOLIC (EVANGELICAL PROTESTANT)
  • INDEPENDENCE = SEPTEMBER 15th, 1821 (FROM SPAIN)
  • NATIONAL HOLIDAY = INDEPENDENCE DAY SEPTEMBER 15th
  • GOVERNMENT = UNITARY PRESIDENTIAL CONSTITUTIONAL REPUBLIC
  • GDP = $11.26 BILLION
  • NATIONAL SPORT = BASEBALL
  • MAJOR INDUSTRIES = CHEMICALS, FOOD PROCESSING, METAL PRODUCTS, TEXTILES, PETROLEUM, FOOTWEAR AND WOOD
  • NATURAL RESOURCES = TUNGSTEN, GOLD, SILVER, COPPER, LEAD, ZINC AND FISH
  • AGRICULTURE = TOBACCO, SESAME, BEANS, CORN, RICE AND SORGHUM

SHORT FACTS ON NICARAGUA !!!

The Aztecs and the Mayans were the first inhabitants of these lands.

Spain ruled the country from the 16th century right through till the 19th century. Nicaragua gained its independence from Spain in 1821, and became a part of the Mexican empire. It then joined a group of nearby countries called Provinces of Central America, but slit from this group in 1838, and became fully independent.

Britain occupied a section of Nicaragua in 1895, but left after being paid indemnities by the Nicaraguan government.

In the 17th century, the Mosquito Coast was under British rule. They brought black slaves to Nicaragua to work in the fields. At the present time, many of the Nicaraguans are descendants of these slaves.

Mosquito Coast included the eastern coast of present-day Nicaragua and Honduras.

Nicaragua is named after Nicaro, who was the chief of a tribe who lived near Lake Nicaragua hundreds of years ago.

There are more than 400 Volcanoes found in Lake Nicaragua.

Lake Nicaragua is more like a sea than a lake due to its vast size. It also has its own waves, islands and sharks.

Nicaragua is bordering both the Caribbean sea and the North Pacific Ocean. It borders Costa Rica to the south, and Honduras and El Salvador to the north.

Nicaragua is divided into three regions, the North Central Highlands, the Pacific Lowlands and the Atlantic Lowlands.

Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America. The other countries that make up Central America are, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Panama.

Nicaragua is prone to natural disasters such as, hurricanes, earthquakes, volcanic explosions and landslides.

Nicaragua is a popular tourist attraction, despite the fact that much of the country still lives in poverty. The President has vowed to use tourism as a way to counter the poverty throughout the country. It has a lot to offer tourists, with its beautiful beaches, nature, architecture and its many lakes and volcanoes. It also boasts 565 miles of picturesque coastline.

An Earthquake in 1972 that hit the capital of Nicaragua, killed over 19,000 people and also destroyed most of the cities infrastructure.

Nicaragua has the second largest rainforest in the Americas, next to the Amazon Rainforest.

In the forests of Nicaragua, they are home to many animals such as, jaguars, manatees, monkeys, wild boars, snakes, anteaters, armadillos, shy ocelots and also boast five of the world’s forty species of toucans.

Three-toed sloths lives in the forest of Nicaragua. They can only move at a speed of six feet per minute. They are so slow that algae grows on them.

Every year on the same beach in Nicaragua, hundreds of thousands of sea turtles dig their nests and lay their eggs. These turtles can live for up to 80 years. Unfortunately, thousands are also killed each year, because people eat them as meat and steal their eggs, making them an endangered species.

There are more than 70 protected areas of land in Nicaragua, to help preserve the habitats of its endangered species.

The Caribbean coast of Nicaragua was once ruled by Great Britain, so the English language and traditions are very noticeable there.

The literacy rate in Nicaragua is 68% and the life expectancy is 69 years.

Nicaragua is also called the “Land of Poets”, because poetry is very popular in the country and their poets are national heroes.

The national symbol of Nicaragua is the turquoise-browned motmot (bird).

Its natural resources are gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber and fish.

Nicaraguan food mainly consist of corn, rice, beans, peppers and seafood.

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