The Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean


The Pacific Ocean was giving it’s name by Portuguese explorer, Ferdinand Magellan in 1521. He named the Ocean “mar pacifico”, which means “peaceful sea”, due to the calmness of the water at the time.

The Pacific Ocean is located from the Arctic down to the Antarctic, and from Australia and Asia across to the Americas.

There are 55 countries bordering on the Pacific Ocean, some include Canada, China, Australia, Japan, Mexico and the United States.

Around 71% of the Earth is covered in salt water. We call these the oceans.

There are five oceans on Earth and the Pacific Ocean is by far the largest, covering around 30% of the Earth’s surface.

The other four oceans are the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Arctic Ocean and the Southern Ocean. The five oceans are all connected together, and are divided up by the world’s seven continents.

Pacific ocean map

The Pacific Ocean is divided into two parts, the North Pacific and the South Pacific.

The Pacific Ocean is 15 times larger than America.

Earth also has smaller bodies of water that are partly enclosed by land, called the seas. The three largest seas are the Caribbean Sea, the Mediterranean Sea and the South China Sea.

Water is vital to all forms of life, and it is most likely that life on Earth began in the oceans. Oceans also make life on land possible, so without them, humans could not exist.

The average depth of the world’s oceans is 12,000 feet. The deepest point of any ocean is in the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean, with a depth of 36,198 feet.

Mauna Kea in Hawaii, rises 33,474 feet from its base. If it wasn’t below sea level, it would be the tallest mountain in the world. It is located in the Pacific Ocean.

The Pacific Ocean has about 25,000 different islands. New Guinea is one of them. It is the second largest island in the world, after Greenland.

The islands in the Pacific are divided into four categories: continental, coral reefs, high islands and uplifted coral platforms.

The Ring Of Fire, a region that consists of hundreds of active volcanoes is located in the Pacific Ocean. Up to 75% of the world’s active volcanoes are located in the Pacific basin.

Krakatoa, found between the islands of Java and Sumatra, is a volcanic island in the Pacific Ocean. In 1883, it erupted and killed over 36,000 people.

The Pacific Ocean is home to one of the largest structures on Earth, which can be seen from space. It is called the Great Barrier Reef, and is located just off the coast of Queensland, Australia.

Easter Island, a Chilean territory, is located in the Pacific Ocean. It was named by Dutch explorer, Admiral Roggeveen, who discovered the island on Easter Sunday, in 1722. The island is famous for it’s statues which are carved from volcanic ash, which scientists believe came from three volcanoes that erupted there over three million years ago.

Energy supplies to big countries like China and the United States rely directly on the Pacific Ocean for offshore oil and gas reserves.

It is estimated that 60% of all fish caught comes from the Pacific Ocean. This is mainly due to its vast size, plus it has 55 countries bordering it. Fishing for tuna, swordfish, salmon, herring, sardines and shellfish is very popular in the Pacific Ocean.

The Galapagos Islands are located in the Pacific Ocean. They are famous for their unique wildlife.

In the Pacific Ocean, pearls are found near the coasts of Australia, Papa New Guinea, Nicaragua and the Philippines.

In the Pacific Ocean, there is an enormous patch of garbage know as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. This is a region in the ocean were currents collect plastic in a massive area measuring more than 1.6 million square kilometers. It is located halfway between Hawaii and California.

Environmental issues are having a serious effect on marine life. Oil pollution, chemicals and marine debris are just some of the reasons why certain species of marine life are in danger of extinction. We know of at least five species, of these the most well known is the whale. However, seals, turtles, sea otters and sea lions are also in danger of extinction.