The Kuiper Belt

The Kuiper Belt

The Kuiper Belt is a enormous ring of icy, Comet like objects that stretches from planet Neptune to the Oort Cloud.

The Kuiper Belt is a lot like the Android Belt, although it is much colder because it is much further from the Sun.

Pluto is one of the largest objects in the Kuiper Belt.

There are five known dwarf planets in the Kuiper Belt. They are Pluto, Ceres, Haumea, Makemake and Eris.

The Kuiper Belt was named after astronomer Gerard Kuiper. He figured out it existed in 1951, but was only proven in 1992 by scientists Jane Luu and David Jewitt.

The Kuiper Belt is 4.2 to 7.6 light hours from the Sun.

Scientists believe there are thousands of objects measuring up to 100 km across in the Kuiper Belt, plus trillions of smaller things as well.

Scientists announced on January 20th, 2016, that they have discovered a whole new planet. Planet 9 as we will call it for the time being has not been seen yet, but is estimated to be 4 times the size of Earth or similar to the size of Neptune.

The evidence for its existence is found only directly, because it’s gravity is making all sorts of loops around the Sun in strange and eccentric orbits.

The Oort Cloud lies beyond the Kuiper Belt.

Objects in the Kuiper Belt are ice cold. It would be very hard for anything to live there.

The Kuiper belt is home to many things we cannot find inside of our Solar System. Floating ice and most importantly the ancient rocks are what astronomers are trying to study in order to better understand our Solar System. Unfortunately this proves quite difficult and so far they have only found a small fraction of them.

What they have learned is most objects are made up of ice and rock, and the interesting fact is the ice on them isn’t always made of water, but of frozen chemicals like methane and ammonia.

Iris, one of the dwarf planets in the Kuiper Belt is the furthest object yet seen in the Solar System.

Iris has its own moon, named Dysnomia.

Scientist believe all the objects in the Kuiper Belt where left-overs from the birth of the planet. They were forced out to this remote outer ring due to interactions with the giant planets. Hence, the Kuiper Belt was formed.

Due to the vast distance , all objects in the Kuiper Belt takes hundreds of years to complete one orbit around the Sun.

The Kuiper Belt is 20 times as wide and up to 200 times bigger than the Asteroid Belt.

Scientists believe that some of the moons for other planets, originally came from the Kuiper Belt.

Neptune largely controls the structure of the Kuiper Belt due to its gravitational field.