All About The Sun

All About The Sun

The most important aspect of the Sun is that it makes all life on Earth possible.

Without the Sun, Earth would be a frozen wasteland.

The Sun is responsible for our weather and climate.

The Sun is over 4.5 billion years old.

The Sun is shaped like a perfect sphere (circle).

The Sun is made of hydrogen and helium gases.

The Sun is a star.

We are much closer to the Sun than any other star and this is why we see the Sun as a big round ball in the sky.

The Sun is the nearest star to Earth and is located at the center of the Solar System.

Like all stars the Sun is an enormous ball of burning scorching gas.

The center of the Sun is called the core and this is were gases burn like an enormous furnace. It is the hottest part of the Sun.

The center of the Sun is like a giant bomb that never stops exploding.

At the surface of the Sun, gas leaps up in bright bursts called solar flares. Its like looking at a big massive firework display.

The solar flares on the surface of the Sun can send blast waves into space which can damage satellites and even cause power cuts on Earth.

It takes about eight minutes for the Suns light to reach planet Earth. This is known as the speed of light.

When the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, a solar eclipse takes place. It casts a shadow on parts of our planet as the Moon stops the Suns light from reaching us. The places effected on Earth turns to night for a short time.

During the day it is dangerous to look directly at the Sun because it is so bright and it can damage your eyes very easily. The best way to watch the Sun is when it rises in the morning and sets in the evening.

Most cases of skin cancer are caused by Ultraviolet (UV) radiation which comes from the Sun.

The Sun is so big that over one million Earth’s could fit inside it.

The mass of the Sun is approximately 333,000 times greater than that of the Earth.

The Sun is 864,400 miles (1,391,000 kilometers)  in diameter.

The Sun,s gravity holds the solar system together, keeping everything in its orbit from the biggest planets to the smallest particles.

The Sun is at the center of a neighbourhood of planets which is called the Solar System. Earth is one of eight planets in the Solar System that makes a special journey called an orbit, around the Sun.

All the planets orbit or travel in the same direction around the sun but at different speeds.

A planets year is the time it takes to orbit around the Sun. The further a planet from the Sun the longer the orbit will be. So planets with the longest orbits have the longest years.

All the planets spin or rotate as they travel on their orbits around the Sun,  although each one spins at different speeds.

While Jupiter is the largest planet in the Solar System, it turns the fastest doing one rotation in ten hours. Earth rotates once every 23.93 hours.

The planets nearest to the Sun travel a lot faster than those that are further away.

The Sun is eight light minutes from Earth, which means that the light we see from the Sun, actually left eight minutes ago.

One day the Sun will die, possibly not for another five billion years or so and when it does, Earth will go with it.

The Sun is travelling at 220 km per second.

Many ancient cultures presumed the Sun was a god.