Makemake is a dwarf planet.
Makemake is one of five planets recognised as a dwarf planet. The other four are Eris, Ceres, Pluto and Haumea.
The International Astronomical Union decides the rules to what makes a planet. If they do not fit the criteria they were giving the name of a dwarf planet.
The Three factors required to be called a planet are, firstly it has to orbit the Sun, secondly its size and finally it has to be able to clear the area around its orbit by pushing objects out of its way with its impressive size and gravity.
Makemake is the fourth closest dwarf planet to the Sun.
Makemake lives in the Kuiper Belt.
Makemake was discovered by a team of scientists in 2005 and recognized as a dwarf planet in 2008 by the International Astronomical Union.
The order of the dwarf planets on its travels around the Sun outwards is Ceres, Pluto, Haumea, Makemake and then Eris being the furthest from the Sun.
The orbit period for Makemake on its travels around the Sun is 305 to 309.9 earth years.
The rotation of Makemake takes 22.5 hours, making its day length very similar to ours.
The surface temperature on Makemake is -239 degrees Celsius.
Makemake’s names comes from the Rapanui God of fertility. The Rapanui people are natives of Easter Island. Makemake was discovered at Easter time.
Makemake’s diameter is between 1,300 and 1,900 kilometers or 808 to 1,181 miles.
Makemake’s distance from the Sun is 4,253,000,000 miles or 6,847,000,000 kilometers.
Makemake was discovered by a team of astronomers called Michael E Brown, Chad Trujillo and David Rabinowitz, the same team who discovered the dwarf planet Eris.
Makemake is the largest object in the Kuiper Belt , making it visible through a telescope.
The surface on Makemake is covered with methane, ethane and possibly nitrogen ices.
Makemake was found to have a Moon, it was discovered in April 2016 and was giving a nickname MK2. Its proper name was provisionally designated s/2015(136472)1.
Makemake is actually pronounced “maki-maki”.
Makemake is the second brightest object in the Kuiper Belt, after Pluto.