Makemake – Dwarf Planet

Makemake – Dwarf Planet


Makemake is a dwarf planet.

Makemake is one of five planets recognised as a dwarf planet. The other four are Eris, Ceres, Pluto and Haumea.

The International Astronomical Union (IAU) decides the rules to what makes a planet. If they do not fit the criteria they were giving the name of a dwarf planet.

The three criteria required to be called a planet by the IAU are, firstly, it has to orbit the Sun, secondly, its shape should resemble a ball like figure, and finally, it has to be able to clear the area around its orbit by pushing objects out of its way with its impressive size and gravity.

Makemake is the fourth closest dwarf planet to the Sun.

Makemake lives in the Kuiper Belt.

Makemake was discovered by a team of scientists in 2005, and recognized as a dwarf planet in 2008, by the International Astronomical Union.

The order of the dwarf planets on their travels around the Sun outwards is Ceres, Pluto, Haumea, Makemake and then Eris, being the farthest from the Sun.

The orbit period for Makemake on its travels around the Sun is 305 to 309.9 Earth years.

The rotation of Makemake takes 22.5 hours, making its day length very similar to ours.

Moon’s orbit their planets and planets orbit the Sun.

The gravity of the Sun keeps all the planets in their orbits, just like the planets gravity keeps their moons in their orbit.

An orbit is a journey/path that an object takes in space. For example, stars, planets and moons.

Gravity is the invisible pulling force that works in space. Earth’s gravity is what keeps us on the ground.

The surface temperature on Makemake is -239° Celsius.

Makemake’s names comes from the Rapanui God of Fertility. The Rapanui people are natives of Easter Island. Makemake was discovered at Easter time.

Makemake’s diameter is between 1,300 and 1,900 kilometers or 808 to 1,181 miles.

Makemake is one ninth the radius of Earth.

Makemake’s distance from the Sun is 4,253,000,000 miles or 6,847,000,000 kilometers.

Makemake was discovered by a team of astronomers called Michael E Brown, Chad Trujillo and David Rabinowitz, the same team who discovered the dwarf planet Eris.

The Kuiper Belt is a comet-rich area of our solar system that starts near the orbit of Neptune and continues beyond Pluto.

The surface on Makemake is covered with methane, ethane and possibly nitrogen ices.

Makemake was found to have a Moon. It was discovered in April 2016, and was giving the nickname “MK2”. Its proper name was provisionally designated s/2015(136472)1.

Makemake is pronounced “maki-maki”.

Makemake is the second brightest object in the Kuiper Belt, after Pluto, making it visible using a high-end amateur telescope.

It would take a spacecraft up to 16 years or more to get to Makemake.

There are no known rings around Makemake.