- OFFICIAL NAME = GRENADA
- NATIONALITY = GRENADIAN(S)
- LOCATION = CARIBBEAN SEA
- CAPITAL = ST GEORGE
- CONTINENT = NORTH AMERICA
- OFFICIAL LANGUAGE = ENGLISH
- POPULATION = 108,679
- CURRENCY = CARIBBEAN DOLLARS
- AREA = 344 SQ KM (133 SQ MILES)
- HIGHEST POINT = MOUNT SAINT CATHERINE 840 m (2,760 ft)
- MAIN RIVER = ST JOHN’S RIVER
- CLIMATE = TROPICAL CLIMATE (HOT AND HUMID)
- CALLING CODE = DIAL 011+473+PHONE NUMBER
- RELIGION = MAINLY ROMAN CATHOLIC + (PROTESTANT)
- INDEPENDENCE = FEBRUARY 7th ,1974 (FROM BRITAIN)
- NATIONAL HOLIDAY = INDEPENDENCE DAY, 7TH FEBRUARY (1974)
- GOVERNMENT = PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY
- HEAD OF STATE = QUEEN ELIZABETH II
- MAIN SPORTS = CRICKET, TENNIS AND WATER SPORTS
- NATURAL RESOURCES = TIMBER, TROPICAL FRUIT AND DEEP WATER HARBORS
- MAJOR INDUSTRIES = TOURISM, CONSTRUCTION, FOOD AND BEVERAGES
- MAIN EXPORTS = NUTMEG, COCOA, MACE, BANANAS, CLOVES AND CINNAMON
- AGRICULTURE = NUTMEG, MACE, COCOA, BANANAS, CINNAMON AND CLOVES
A BRIEF HISTORY OF GRENADA
The early inhabitants of the island was the Native American Arawak tribe, however when Christopher Columbus first spotted the island in 1498, it was the Carib natives who had took it over. Because of the vast number and the violent nature of the Carib people, it was some time before the island was settled by European settlers.
The name Grenada, was giving by Spanish sailors who where passing by, and found it looked similar to their own city at home (Granada).
For years, the British and the French, both competed for the island and failed due to the resistance of the warlike Caribs. However in 1674, the French gained control of the Island, after defeating the Caribs. By 1753, with the help of 12,000 African slaves working in the sugar plantations, Granada was thriving under French control.
Britain took over from the French in 1762, during the Seven Years War. The island then became a British colony, and they introduced the cultivation of cotton, cacao and nutmeg. Even up this day, Grenada is still a leading supplier of these products. The slave population at this time was up to 24,000. (Slavery was abolished in 1833)
Grenada gained its independence from Great Britain in 1974, although it became a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as head of state.
In October 1983, the U.S military forces invaded the island, after a military coup by the nation’s pro-Marxist regime. The reason giving was for the threat posed to American nationals living in the Caribbean nation of Grenada.
They easily defeated the Grenadian resistance and Cuban troops who had decided to help the pro-Marxist regime. The U.S suffered 20 fatalities, while more than 60 Grenadian and Cuban troops were killed. In a short amount of the time, the country was stabilized until elections were held 1984.
The date of the invasion is now celebrated as a national holiday in Grenada, called Thanksgiving Day.
SHORT FACTS ON GRENADA
Grenada is an island country, consisting of the island of Granada and six smaller islands in the southeastern Caribbean Sea.
Grenada is located between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It is northwest of Trinidad and Tobago, northeast of Venezuela and southwest of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
The tiny Caribbean island of Grenada is one of the smallest independent countries in the western hemisphere.
Grenada is divided up into six parishes. The largest is St George, others include Saint Andrew, Saint Patrick, Saint John, Saint David, and Saint Mark.
Most of the population in Grenada is black, having descended from African slaves.
Medical and dental treatment in government hospitals and clinics in Grenada is free. Primary and secondary education is also free.
The main island of Grenada is 34 kilometers (21 miles) long, and 19 kilometers (12 miles) wide.
The coastline in Grenada is 121 kilometers (75 miles) long.
Grenada is also called the “spice islands” because it grows spices, like cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg and allspice berries. It is one of the world’s largest exporters of these spices.
Snorkeling and scuba diving is very popular with the tourists that visits Grenada every year.
Grand Anse is Granada’s most famous beach. The three kilometer coastline of golden sand and turquoise seas, boasts the islands best resorts and restaurants along its shore.
Grenada’s wildlife is varied from the rare nine branded armadillo to the cheeky Mona monkeys. You will also see iguanas, lizards, snakes (non-venomous), toads and also the red-legged tortoise.
There are about 150 bird species that call Grenada their home.
The national bird of Grenada is the critically endangered Grenada dove.
In Granada’s waters you’ll see whales, dolphins and even manta rays.
There is such a large variety of fish in Grenada’s waters, here is a few examples, the yellow tailed snapper, spotted drums, frogfish, scorpion fish, pipefish, horse eye jacks, bar jacks, branded jaw fish and the great barracuda.
Grenada is volcanic in origin, with a ridge of mountains running north and south. It has a stunning landscape and about 10,000 acres (4,000 hectares) of forest.
The highest mountain in Grenada is called Mount Saint Catherine, it reaches a height of 2,760 feet (840 meters).
Grenada boasts several small rivers with amazing waterfalls that flow into the sea from these mountains.
St George is the yachting and charter boat centre of the eastern Caribbean.
The U.S.A is a major trade partner of Grenada. Most of its goods are imported from the U.S.
Leatherback turtles, dating back to the year of the dinosaurs, can be seen on the beaches of Grenada. They are critically endangered with only 35,000 female leatherback turtles left in the world today.
Heartbreak Ridge is a movie, that is based on the U.S.A’s invasion of Grenada.
Hurricane Ivan caused havoc to the island of Grenada in September 2004, killing at least 39 people and it totally destroyed the infrastructure of the island. Total damage was estimated to be about $815 million.