- OFFICIAL NAME = UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
- NATIONALITY = AMERICAN(S)
- LOCATION = WESTERN HEMISPHERE
- CAPITAL = WASHINGTON, D.C.
- CONTINENT = NORTH AMERICA
- POPULATION = 325,160 MILLION
- OFFICIAL LANGUAGE = ENGLISH
- CURRENCY = U.S DOLLAR
- AREA = 9,826,675 SQ KM (3,794,100 SQ MILES)
- HIGHEST POINT = MOUNT McKINLEY: 20,237 FEET (6,168 METERS)
- MAJOR MOUNTAINS = APPALACHIAN AND ROCKY MOUNTAINS
- MAJOR RIVERS = COLORADO,MISSOURI AND MISSISSIPPI
- CLIMATE = WEATHER VARIES ACROSS THE USA
- CALLING CODE = 00+1
- RELIGION = MAINLY CHRISTIANS (PROTESTANTS, CATHOLIC AND MORMON)
- INDEPENDENCE = JULY 4th 1776 (FROM BRITAIN)
- NATIONAL HOLIDAY = INDEPENDENCE DAY JULY 4th
- GOVERNMENT = CONSTITUTION-BASED FEDERAL REPUBLIC
- NATIONAL SPORT = BASEBALL
- MAJOR INDUSTRIES = SERVICE SECTOR,MANUFACTURING SECTOR AND THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
- NATURAL RESOURCES = MINING,TIMBER,COAL,GOLD,COPPER,OIL AND NATURAL GAS
- MAJOR EXPORTS = OIL,CONSUMER GOODS,AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCTS,PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
- AGRICULTURE = CORN,SOYBEANS,WHEAT,CANE,SUGAR BEETS,POTATOES,BANANAS
COFFEE,TOBACCO,CATTLE AND FORESTRY PRODUCTS
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Christopher Columbus was the first European to discover America in 1492, leading to several European nations competing for territory on it’s shores that would last for two and a half centuries.
By 1775, 13 colonies had been established, by settlers from France, Spain, the Netherlands, but most were from England, which later would become Great Britain. Around the same time, the colonists became unhappy over changes in British policies.
With the British refusing to compromise , a war erupted between the British and the colonies. The American Revolution had begun. From April 1775 to March 1776, the British Army was besieged, leading them to evacuate by Sea to Canada.
On July 4th, 1776, the American colonies declare their independence as the United States of America. George Washington, who had led the war was elected the very first president of the newly established country.
SHORT FACTS ON UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
For centuries, native people lived in the USA, until the early 17th century when settlers moved in from Europe to the “new world” and set up colonies and displaced the native people. Nowadays the USA’s population is full of people from all over the world looking for a better way of life.
Over 1.3 million people immigrated from Europe to the USA between 1600 and 1820 , many for religious or political reasons. Also at around the same time, up to 1.5 million slaves arrived on slave ships, mostly from Africa.
Even before Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1493, the land was inhabited by various tribes, such as the Apache, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Navajo and the Sioux.
The U.S.A declared independence from Great Britain on July 4th 1776.
The current U.S flag which features 50 stars and 13 stripes was designed by high school student Robert G.Heft in 1958. The stripes represent the original 13 colonies and the stars represent the 50 states of the Union.
The U.S.A is divided into six regions. New England, the mid-Atlantic, the South, the Southwest, the Midwest and the West.
The president of the USA lives in the White House in the capital city of Washington,D.C.
The U.S.A is made up of 50 states and the District of Columbia.
Hawaii is the most recent of the 50 states. It joined in 1959 and is the only state that is made up of islands.
The U.S.A is the third largest country in size in the world, after Russia and Canada, and is the third largest in population after China and India.
The U.S.A is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, and on the east by the Atlantic Ocean. on the southern border is Mexico, and along the northern border is Canada.
The major mountain ranges in the U.S. are the Rocky mountains, the Appalachian mountains and the Sierra Nevada.
The major rivers in the U.S are the Mississippi, Ohio, Rio Grande, Colorado and Hudson river.
New York has a population of over 8.5 million people, making it the most populated city in the USA.
Around 1000 Tornadoes hit the U.S.A every year, most of them in Tornado Alley in the Central Plains.
The USA is now a world leader economically, militarily and technologically and has the largest coal reserves in the world.
On average, one American farmer produces enough food for 96 people.
California grows more food than any other U.S city.
McDonald’s fast food company is among the largest employers in the country.
Montana has 3 times as many cows than it does people.
The USA is home to many different types of animals, for example the Southern states are home to crocodiles and snakes, the Northwestern states are home to grizzly bears, elk and deer and Northeastern states are home to raccoons, rabbits, opossums, skunks and deer in its forests.
Alaska was bought from Russia in 1867 and is the largest state in the USA by land area. It has a shoreline that stretches for 47,300 miles.
Alaska has more than 3 million lakes, more than 100,000 glaciers and 29 volcanoes.
The USA won the Space Race with Russia to land on the Moon.
On July 20th 1969 , Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first men to walk on the Moon.
The Statue Of Liberty is the most famous symbol of American freedom. It was actually built in France and shipped to New York City in crates as a gift in 1885.
New York City served as the United States capital for five years between 1785 and 1790.
Baseball is America’s national sport, and its players are as famous as movie stars.
The famous Hollywood sign was put up in 1923, but originally it said “Hollywoodland” as a advertisement by a real estate agent for a new Los Angeles housing development.
Sculptor Gutzon Borglum spent 14 years carving out the faces of the four presidents, Washington, Jefferson, Roosevelt and Lincoln into the granite of Mount Rushmore, South Dakota. Each face is more than 18 meters (60 feet) high.
The United States invented the internet during the early 1960’s, by the U.S Department of Defense.