- OFFICIAL NAME = UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
- NATIONALITY = AMERICAN(S)
- LOCATION = WESTERN HEMISPHERE
- CAPITAL = WASHINGTON, D.C.
- MAJOR CITIES = NEW YORK, LOS ANGELES, CHICAGO AND HOUSTON
- CONTINENT = NORTH AMERICA
- POPULATION = 325,160 MILLION
- OFFICIAL LANGUAGE = ENGLISH
- CURRENCY = U.S DOLLAR
- AREA = 9,826,675 SQ KM (3,794,100 SQ MILES)
- HIGHEST POINT = MOUNT McKINLEY: 20,237 FEET (6,168 METERS)
- MAJOR MOUNTAINS = APPALACHIAN AND ROCKY MOUNTAINS
- MAJOR RIVERS = COLORADO, MISSOURI AND MISSISSIPPI
- CLIMATE = WEATHER VARIES ACROSS THE USA
- DRIVES ON = RIGHT HAND SIDE OF THE ROAD
- CALLING CODE = 00+1+AREA CODE+PHONE NUMBER
- RELIGION = MAINLY CHRISTIANS (PROTESTANTS, CATHOLIC AND MORMON)
- INDEPENDENCE = JULY 4th, 1776 (FROM BRITAIN)
- NATIONAL HOLIDAY = INDEPENDENCE DAY: JULY 4th
- NATIONAL SYMBOL = THE BALD EAGLE
- GOVERNMENT = CONSTITUTION-BASED FEDERAL REPUBLIC
- NATIONAL SPORT = BASEBALL
- POPULAR SPORTS = AMERICAN FOOTBALL, BASKETBALL AND BASEBALL
- MAJOR INDUSTRIES = SERVICE SECTOR, MANUFACTURING SECTOR AND THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
- NATURAL RESOURCES = MINING, TIMBER, COAL, GOLD, COPPER, OIL AND NATURAL GAS
- MAJOR EXPORTS = OIL, CONSUMER GOODS, AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCTS AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
- AGRICULTURE = CORN, SOYBEANS, WHEAT, CANE, SUGAR BEETS, POTATOES, BANANAS, COFFEE, TOBACCO, CATTLE AND FORESTRY PRODUCTS
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Native Americans lived on these shores for thousands of years before the first Europeans arrived in the early 15th century.
Christopher Columbus was the first European to discover America on October 12, 1492.
Following Columbus’s discovery, European settlers from Spain, France, the Netherlands and other countries began to establish settlements in the area, hoping to increase their wealth and broaden their influence over world affairs.
However, the British was the first country to establish the first colony at Jamestown in 1607, and more quickly followed in Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay, and by 1733, they had established 13 colonies and each one was governed differently.
From 1756 to 1763, the British and the French fought a war over their land in America, which the British won. This was called the Seven Years War or the French and Indian War.
The British established a dominant presence over time, controlling all of the colonies, and most American colonists adopted to the British way of life.
Unfortunately, the growth of the colonies was not good for the Native Americans as many of them died of smallpox, a disease brought to America by the Europeans, to which they had no resistance.
Around the same time, the British government decided that the American colonists should contribute financially to the protection of this new empire with a range a new taxes and laws. By 1775, relations between Britain and the colonists had deteriorated.
The colonists were not happy with the new British taxes and laws the British government had imposed on them, and many of them began to protest against them, and it soon spread throughout the colonies.
With the British refusing to compromise, a war erupted between the British and the colonists. The American Revolution War had begun. The war would last from 1775-1783. There were many battles fought and won by both sides, but an American victory at Yorktown, helped by the French, led Britain to decide to stop fighting and give up the colonies.
During the war, on July 4th, 1776, the 13 colonies claimed their independence from Britain, an event which would eventually lead to the formation of the United States of America. Each year on the 4th of July, also known as Independence Day, Americans celebrate this historic event.
The United States Constitution was finally adopted in 1787.
George Washington, who served as Commander-in-Chief during the war, was elected the very first president of the newly established country in 1789.
SHORT FACTS ON UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
For centuries, native people lived in the USA. This all changed in the early 16th century, when settlers moved in from Europe to the “new world” and set up colonies, and displaced the native people.
Nowadays, the USA’s population is full of people from all over the world looking for a better way of life.
Over 1.3 million people immigrated from Europe to the U.S between 1600 and 1820, many for religious or political reasons. Also, at around the same time, up to 2 million slaves arrived on slave ships, mostly from Africa. These slaves lived and worked in Great Britain’s 13 colonies.
Even before Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1493, the land was inhabited by various tribes, such as the Apache, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Navajo and the Sioux.
To say Christopher Columbus “discovered” America is a bit inaccurate because when he arrived here, there was plenty of people here already.
The American Revolution was the war in which Great Britain’s 13 American colonies won their independence. The colonies became a new country, the United States.
The U.S.A declared independence from Great Britain on July 4th, 1776.
The current U.S flag, which features 50 stars and 13 stripes was designed by high school student Robert G.Heft, in 1958. The stripes represent the original 13 colonies and the stars represent the 50 states of the Union.
The U.S.A is divided into six regions. New England, the mid-Atlantic, the South, the Southwest, the Midwest and the West.
The president of the USA lives in the White House in the capital city of Washington,D.C.
The U.S.A is made up of 50 states and the District of Columbia.
Hawaii is the most recent of the 50 states. It joined in 1959, and is the only state that is made up of islands.
The U.S. is the third largest country in size in the world, after Russia and Canada, and is the third largest in population after China and India.
The major mountain ranges in the U.S. are the Rocky mountains, the Appalachian mountains and the Sierra Nevada.
The major rivers in the U.S are the Mississippi, Ohio, Rio Grande, Colorado and Hudson river.
New York has a population of over 8.5 million people, making it the most populated city in the U.S.
Around 1000 Tornadoes hit the U.S every year, most of them in Tornado Alley, in the Central Plains.
Death Valley, in California, hit a whopping 130º F (54.4° C) on August 16th, 2020, making it the hottest temperature on Earth in over a century.
The U.S is now a world leader economically, militarily and technologically.
The U.S and has the largest coal reserves in the world.
On average, one American farmer produces enough food for 96 people.
California grows more food than any other U.S city.
McDonald’s fast food company is among the largest employers in the country.
Montana has 3 times as many cows than it does people.
The USA is home to many different types of animals. For example, the Southern states is home to crocodiles and snakes, the Northwestern states is home to grizzly bears, elk and deer and Northeastern states is home to raccoons, rabbits, opossums, skunks and deer.
On March 30, 1867, William H. Seward, the then U.S Secretary of State agreed to purchase Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million. It is regarded as one off the biggest land deals in history and possibly Russia’s biggest ever mistake, as it gave the U.S 375 million more acres of land and a huge domestic source of oil.
Alaska has more than 3 million lakes, more than 100,000 glaciers and 29 volcanoes.
The U.S won the Space Race with Russia to land on the Moon.
On July 20th, 1969, American astronauts, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first men to walk on the Moon.
The Statue Of Liberty is the most famous symbol of American freedom. It was actually built in France, and shipped to New York City in crates in 1885. It was as a gift from the French people to the United States to commemorate 100 years of Franco-American friendship..
New York City served as the United States capital for five years between 1785 and 1790.
Baseball is America’s national sport, and it’s players are as famous as movie stars.
The famous Hollywood sign was put up in 1923, but originally it said “Hollywoodland”, as a advertisement by a real estate agent, for a new Los Angeles housing development.
Sculptor, Gutzon Borglum, spent 14 years carving out the faces of four presidents into the granite of Mount Rushmore, in South Dakota. Each face is more than 18 meters (60 feet) high. The presidents names are, Lincoln, Washington, Jefferson and Roosevelt.
The U.S Department of Defense invented the internet during the early 1960’s.