Guyana – South America

Guyana – South America
  • OFFICIAL NAME = REPUBLIC OF GUYANA
  • NATIONALITY = GUYANESE
  • HEMISPHERES = NORTHERN AND WESTERN
  • CONTINENT = SOUTH AMERICA
  • CAPITAL = GEORGETOWN
  • MAJOR CITIES = LINDEN, NEW AMSTERDAM AND GEORGETOWN
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE = ENGLISH
  • POPULATION = 785,455
  • CURRENCY = GUYANESE DOLLARS
  • AREA = 214,969 SQ KM (83,000 SQ MILES)
  • CLIMATE = WARM AND TROPICAL
  • DRIVES ON = LEFT HAND SIDE OF ROAD
  • CALLING CODE = DIAL 011+592+PHONE NUMBER
  • TIME ZONE = 4 HOURS BEHIND GMT
  • HIGHEST POINT = MOUNT RORAIMA 2,810 M (9,220 FT)
  • LOWEST POINT = ATLANTIC OCEAN (O METERS)
  • MAJOR MOUNTAINS = ACARAI, IMATAKA AND KANUKU MOUNTAINS
  • MAJOR RIVERS = COURANTYNE, ESSEQUIBO AND CUYUNI RIVERS 
  • RELIGION = MAINLY CHRISTIANITY AND HINDUISM
  • INDEPENDENCE = 26 MAY 1966 (FROM THE U.K)
  • NATIONAL HOLIDAY = REPUBLIC DAY: 23 FEBRUARY (1970)
  • NATIONAL SYMBOL = COAT OF ARMS
  • MAIN SPORTS = CRICKET AND FOOTBALL
  • GOVERNMENT = PARLIAMENTARY REPUBLIC
  • MAIN INDUSTRIES = AGROPROCESSING AND MINING
  • NATURAL RESOURCES = MINERALS (GOLD,BAUXITE)
  • MAIN EXPORTS = AGRICULTURE AND MINING
  • MAIN IMPORTS = MACHINERY, PETROLEUM AND FOOD
  • AGRICULTURE = RICE, SUGAR, COFFEE, COCOA, EDIBLE OILS,
    VEGETABLES, TOBACCO, FRUIT AND CATTLE

A BRIEF HISTORY OF GUYANA

Before the arrival of the Europeans, the land was inhabited by the Carib and Arawak tribes. It was these who called the region Guiana, which means land of water. Over the next couple of centuries, the British, Spanish, French and Dutch all fought to own this piece of land.

Eventually, in 1831 the land was ceded to Great Britain at the congress of Vienna, and was aptly named British Guiana. Prior to this, during the centuries of all the wrangling over Guyana, slavery had become a major part in the country, due to the fact the country was rich in sugar resources.

By the time slavery was abolished in the late 1800’s, Guyana was now home to many black people, and with the need for plantation workers, it also brought a large wave of immigrants to its shores, mainly east Indians.

Guyana would eventually gain its independence from  Great Britain in 1966, and it would later become a republic in 1970.

Today in Guyana, due to the exploitation of slaves and the immigrants over the years, about half of the population is of East Indian descent and about 36 percent are of African descent.

SHORT FACTS ON GUYANA

Guyana is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Brazil to the south and southwest, Venezuela to the west, and Suriname to the east.

Guyana is the third smallest country in South America, after both Uruguay and Suriname.

Guyana is divided into three counties, Essequibo, Demerara, and Berbice.

Georgetown is both the capital and largest city of Guyana. It has also been giving the nickname the “Garden City of the Caribbean”.

Guyana is regarded as one of South America’s poorest countries, however this could all change very quickly, as big companies have discovered vast oil reserves off the coast of this small country.

Guyana has a coastline that stretches 459 kilometers (285 miles) long.

Guyana is the only South American country where English is the official language.

Up to this day, Guyana is still having territorial disputes with both Suriname and Venezuela.

Like the movie “Avatar”, Guyana has been called “Avatar on Earth”, mainly because more than 80% of the country is covered in thick forest, and in these forests it contains up to 800 different species of plants, most of which can not be found anywhere else in the world.

Kaieteur Falls in Guyana

The Kaieteur Falls in Guyana is one of the world’s most powerful waterfalls. At a height of 226 meters (741 feet), it is five times higher than Niagara Falls. It is one of the most incredible natural wonders of South America, if not the world.

The home of the Kaieteur Falls is the Kaieteur National Park. It was established in 1929, and has an area of 62,680 hectares (154,855 acres). Nowadays it is the oldest and most protected area of Guyana.

There is an abundance of wildlife that call Guyana their home. With its dense jungle and amazing river system, it creates a perfect habitat for the likes of the elusive jaguar, capybara, black caiman, the giant anteater, the giant river otter and the harpy eagle.

There is also more than 800 species of reptiles, 225 species of mammals and more than 900 different species of birds to be found in this land of paradise.

The national bird of Guyana, the Hoatzin, is also called the “stinkbird”, because it keeps predators away as it stinks so bad.

In the water of Guyana, you will find one of the most ferocious freshwater fish in the world. The red bellied piranha can grow up to 12 inches, and its razor sharp teeth strips the flesh from prey and dead animals.

Guyana experiences two rainy seasons per year, May – August and November – January.

One of the Guyanese national dishes is the pepperpot. It is a stewed meat dish, that is strongly flavored with cinnamon, cassareep and hot peppers. Another dish is chicken curry and rice.

Guyana is considered to be part of the Caribbean region, due to the influence of Indian, African, Amerindian, British, Portuguese, Chinese, and Dutch cultures.

One of the tallest wooden churches on this planet can be found in Guyana. St George’s Cathedral in Georgetown, has a spire that soars up 43 meters (142 feet). It was built in the year 1899.

In 1978, Guyana witnessed the largest mass suicide in modern history. More than 900 people, including 300 children all died by drinking poison. They were all members of a religious cult, led by American Jim Jones, called the Peoples Temple.

The cheapest mode of transport in Guyana is by mini-bus. Even nowadays in Guyana there is no railway system or road links to Venezuela.

Guyana is rich in gold and diamonds. One of their old customs is to give new born babies a piece of gold jewelry for good luck. For a girl, it would be gold earrings and bangles and for a boy, a gold ring and bracelet.

The Omai gold mine in Guyana, is one of the largest open pit gold mines in South America.

Guyana is well known for its locally made handcraft, such as costume jewelry, wallets, paintings, handbags and numerous other items.

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