All About Mars

All About Mars


Mars is known as the Red Planet.

Mars on a clear night is a bright, red disc in our sky. The red dust on the surface and in the atmosphere, makes Mars look like a hot dusty desert, but in actual fact it is freezing cold.

Mars is just over half the size of Planet Earth.

Mars like Earth, has a North pole and a South pole. These regions have ice caps that contain frozen water.

On Mars the dusty storms can last for weeks.

Mars has an atmosphere that is poisonous to humans.

The ancient Romans named Mars after their god of war, because when you look at Mars from Earth, the planet looks red and angry.

Mars and Earth are very similar. They both have seasons, volcanoes, polar ice caps, atmospheres and even snow. However, we couldn’t breathe in their atmosphere, while it is also much colder on Mars than it is on Earth.

Mars has a very thin atmosphere made of carbon dioxide, nitrogen and argon.

The reasons why we call aliens “MARTIANS”, is because in the middle of the twentieth century many people taught there was life on Mars.

The volcanoes on Mars are like giants on the planet. The biggest volcano on Mars is called Olympus Mons, and it may be the biggest volcano in the Solar System. It is three times taller than Mount Everest, the highest mountain on Earth.

Mars has two moons called Phobos and Deimos. They are so small that they once could have being asteroids, that were dragged into orbit around Mars by the planet’s gravity.

Moon’s orbit their planets and planets orbit the Sun.

The gravity of the Sun keeps all the planets in their orbits, just like the planets gravity keeps their moons in their orbit.

An orbit is a journey/path that an object takes in space. Foe example, stars, planets and moons.

Gravity is the invisible pulling force that works in space. Earth’s gravity is what keeps us on the ground.

A spacecraft called Pathfinder landed on Mars in 1997. It carried a small robotic vehicle, called the Sojourner rover, which explored the surface and looked at Martian rocks.

A number of robotic rovers have been sent to Mars to look for signs of past life and to see if one day the planet could support life in the future. One such vehicle was called the Curiosity, which landed on Mars in 2012.

Scientists were convinced by looking at Mars through a telescope from Earth, that the dark patches they could see were canals built by some kind of alien form. However, when the first successful probe, the Mariner 4, studied the planet from 10,000 km above its surface, it turned out that the planet was dry, cold and empty.

In total, there have been 56 missions to Mars, of which 26 was successful.

It takes Mars 687 Earth days to orbit the Sun.

One day on Mars is 24 hours and 37 minutes, very similar to an Earth day.

Mars is the second smallest planet in the Solar System behind Mercury.

Mars is similar to the other terrestrial planets. Its interior is divided into three layers, a crust, mantle and core.

Mars is 141,633,260 miles from the Sun.

The minimum distance from Earth to Mars is around 33.9 million miles (54.6 million kilometers). This depends on the alignment of both planets.

From the Sun, the eight planets are, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.

The average temperature on Mars is about  -80°F (-60°C).

On July 19th, 2020, the United Arab Emirates launched it’s first ever unmanned spacecraft on a mission to Mars, off the southern coast of mainland Japan. The $200 million “Hope Probe” is scheduled to arrive in February 2021, when it will enter into orbit around the Red Planet and begin it’s missions, marking the first planetary science mission led by an Arab country.

The space probe HOPE was the first of three space missions sent towards Mars during July of 2020, with missions also launched by the national space agencies of the U.S.A and China. They are all expected to arrive at Mars in February 2021.