- OFFICIAL NAME = REPUBLIC OF EL SALVADOR
- NATIONALITY = SALVADORAN(S)
- CAPITAL = SAN SALVADOR
- CONTINENT = NORTH AMERICA
- OFFICIAL LANGUAGE = SPANISH
- POPULATION = 6.45 MILLION
- CURRENCY = U.S DOLLARS
- AREA = 21,041 SQ KM (8,124 SQ MILES)
- CLIMATE = TROPICAL CLIMATE (HOT AND HUMID)
- CALLING CODE = DIAL 011+503+PHONE NUMBER
- HIGHEST POINT = MOUNT CERRO EL PITAL: 2,730 METERS (8,957 FEET)
- MAJOR MOUNTAINS = SANTA ANA VOLCANO AND CERRO EL PITAL
- MAJOR RIVERS = GOASCORAN, JIBOA AND TOROLA
- RELIGION = MAINLY CHRISTIAN (CATHOLIC, EVANGELICAL PROTESTANTISM)
- INDEPENDENCE = 15th SEPTEMBER 1821 (FROM SPAIN)
- NATIONAL HOLIDAY = INDEPENDENCE DAY 15th SEPTEMBER
- NATIONAL SYMBOL = COAT OF ARMS
- GOVERNMENT = UNITARY PRESIDENTIAL CONSTITUTIONAL REPUBLIC
- NATIONAL SPORT = FOOTBALL (SOCCER)
- NATURAL RESOURCES = ARABLE LAND, WATER BODIES, GOLD, IRON AND PETROLEUM
- MAJOR INDUSTRIES = CHEMICALS, FERTILIZER, TEXTILES, FURNITURE AND PETROLEUM
- AGRICULTURE = COFFEE, SUGAR, CORN, RICE, BEANS, COTTON, BEEF AND DAIRY PRODUCTS.
SHORT FACTS ON EL SALVADOR
El Salvador is Central America’s smallest and most densely populated country. It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean in the south, Guatemala in the west and Honduras in the north.
The first inhabitants of El Salvador were the native tribes of the Lencas, the pipils and the Pocomames. When the Spanish arrived in 1522, they conquered the land and it would stay under Spanish rule until 1811, when a priest called Jose Matias Delgado led a rebellion against the Spanish forces. They would eventually defeat the Spanish, which led to El Salvador declaring its independence in 1821.
Between 1980 to 1992, El Salvador was caught up in a Civil War which killed more than 70,000 people. It involved guerrilla troops against the government forces who also had the backing from the United States, over the conditions they had to live in.
The bloody war lasted 12 years until the president of El Salvador and ten guerrilla leaders shook hands, sat down and signed a peace treaty with the El Salvadoran government. Since that day in 1992 things have slowly changed for the better, although there is still a lot of poverty in the country.
Around half of the population of all Salvadorans live in poverty in the countryside. They have no running water or electricity in their homes, while the wealthy all live in the capital city of San Salvador, in apartments and houses.
While the government of El Salvador has reduced unemployment, especially in the manufacturing industry, it also faces bigger challenges with poverty,crime and natural disasters.
El Salvador sits on the Pacific Ring of Fire, a massive area in the Pacific Ocean where many Earthquakes and Volcanoes eruption occur.
El Salvador is known as the Land of Volcanoes.
El Salvador was named after the Spanish word for “The Savior”, in honour of Jesus Christ.
The Cerro El Pital is the tallest mountain in El Salvador with a height of 2,730 metres.
The longest river in El Salvador is the Lempa River which covers a distance of 422 km.
The shoreline of El Salvador along the Pacific Ocean stretches a length of 307 km, and is regarded as a paradise for surfers.
The national symbol of El Salvador is the turquoise-browned motmot (bird).
About 79 percent of Salvadorans are literate, and their average life span is about 69 years.
The most common dishes to be had in El Salvador are Pupusa and Loroco. The Tamales is also a popular snack, which consists of corn dumplings wrapped in banana leaves.
During the 1969 world cup qualifying football match between El Salvador and Honduras, the El Salvador government decided to invade Honduras and bombed their airports.
Luckily enough this war only lasted less than 100 hours.
If you decide to go to El Salvador and decide to use their buses, you could end up sharing your seat with a chicken or a pig. This is because the locals use the buses to transport livestock. Tourists call them “chicken buses”.