- OFFICIAL NAME = REPUBLIC OF COSTA RICA
- NATIONALITY = COSTA RICAN(S)
- CAPITAL = SAN JOSE
- MAJOR TOWNS = ALAJUELA AND CARTAGO
- CONTINENT = NORTH AMERICA
- LANGUAGE = SPANISH (ENGLISH)
- POPULATION = 4,857,274 MILLION
- CURRENCY = COSTA RICAN COLONES
- AREA = 51,100 SQ KM (19,730 SQ MILES)
- HIGHEST POINT = MOUNT CHIRRIPO 3,821 METERS (12,536 FEET)
- MAIN MOUNTAINS = CERRO DE LA MUERTE AND MOUNT CHIRRIPO
- MAIN RIVERS = REVENTAZON AND SAN JUAN RIVERS
- CLIMATE = HOT ALL YEAR ROUND (TROPICAL)
- CALLING CODE = DIAL 011+506+PHONE NUMBER
- RELIGION = MAINLY CATHOLIC (EVANGELICAL CHRISTIANS)
- INDEPENDENCE = SEPTEMBER 15TH, 1821 (FROM SPAIN)
- NATIONAL HOLIDAY = INDEPENDENCE DAY, SEPTEMBER 15TH
- GOVERNMENT = DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
- NATIONAL SPORT = FOOTBALL (SOCCER)
- MAJOR INDUSTRIES = FOOD PROCESSING, FERTILIZERS, TEXTILES AND CLOTHING
- NATURAL RESOURCES = THE AGRICULTURAL LAND AND CLIMATE
- AGRICULTURE = BANANAS, PINEAPPLES, COFFEE, SUGAR, RICE, CORN AND POTATOES
SHORT FACTS ON COSTA RICA !!!
Like all its neighbours in Central America, the Spanish arrived to Costa Rica in 1561 and colonized the area. The Spanish held this colony for over 250 years until in 1821 , Costa Rica, together with many other Central American colonies declared independence from Spain. In 1838 it became an independent country.
When Christopher Columbus and the Spanish explorers landed here all them many years ago and seen the gold jewellery the native Indians wore, they must have taught they had struck it rich, because it was them who named the land Costa Rica, which means “rich coast” in Spanish.
Since the Civil War of 1948, Costa Rica has had no army, so instead of spending money on military, it wisely spends it on education (schools are free) and health.
Costa Rica is consistently ranked as one of the happiest places on Earth, according to the Happy Planet Index. Costa Ricans love to drink beer and dance, making it a nation of laid back, friendly, happy people.
Around 25 percent of the country has protected forests and reserves, which gives tourists more than 100 different protected areas to visit.
Costa Rica attracts more than three million tourists every year and that is ever increasing, making tourism one of the main sources of income for the country.
Costa Rica, like many other Central American countries, also suffer from occasional Earthquakes an volcanic eruptions. It has over 100 volcanic formations, and seven of these are active. Arsenal Volcano, in Costa Rica is known as one of the world’s most active Volcanoes.
Costa Rica is the hummingbird capital of the world, with more than 50 different hummingbird species making it their home. It is the only bird that can fly backwards and can beat its wings 80 times a second.
Around 90 % of Central America’s butterfly species live in Costa Rica.
While Costa Rica is a rather small country, it is rich with wildlife, with its thick jungles teeming with animals of all kind . There are more than 230 species of mammals, 900 species of birds, plus you have over 12,000 species of plants and so much more.
Scientists reckon there are more than 300,000 different types of insects, and around 2000 different types of spiders living in Costa Rica.
The orchid is the national flower of Costa Rica. There is more than 1,200 different species of orchids to be found growing here.
Costa Rica is bordered by Panama to the south and Nicaragua to the north. The Pacific Ocean is to the west and the Caribbean Sea is to the east, and in total there are just over 800 miles of coastline.
Costa Rica is divided up into seven provinces, San Jose, Cartago, Heredia, Alajuela, Guanacaste, Puntarenas and Limon.
In Costa Rica, 96 percent of adults can read and the life expectancy is 79 years.
Costa Ricans refer to themselves as “Ticas” (females) and “Ticos” (males). Foreigners are sometimes called “Gringos” (males) and “Gringas” (females).
Flight times to San Jose, from London (11 hours), Sydney (15 hours), New York (5 hours).
Costa Ricans best know national dish is “gallo pinto”, which is a mix of black beans, white rice and salsa lizano.
Costa Rica, like the United States, holds elections for its presidency every four years.
Oscar Aarias Sanchez is the most famous person in Costa Rican history. He won the Nobel Prize in 1987 for his efforts to end civil wars, which was happening at the time in several other Central American countries.
These days, Costa Rica is famous for its gourmet coffee beans, thanks to its rich volcanic soil. They are considered to be amongst the finest beans in the world.
The Costa Rican football team qualified for the World Cup for the first time in 1990 . It was held in Italy and they made it to the last 16. Since then they have competed in 3 more world cups. In Brazil, 2014, they had their best tournament ever, when they finished top of their group that consisted of three heavyweights in world football, England, Italy and Uruguay, before losing on penalties to the Netherlands in the Quarter-finals.
The nickname of the Costa Rica football team is “Los Ticos”.